here, there, and everywhere covered over large areas by moving
masses of reindeer. No estimate could be arrived at as to their
numbers. They could only be described in acres or square miles.
After killing as many as we considered necessary for making dried
meat for the rest of our journey, we walked into the solid herds,
armed only with a camera, and secured a number of photo-
graphs. These now afford me a great deal of satisfaction; for when
I begin to talk " deer," and people smile a look skeptical, all I have
to do is to produce a photograph.
On the 7th of August we reached a great lake-probably
Samuel Hearrm's Doobaunt or Tobaunt Lake-which was then, as it
perhaps always is, covered by a field of heavy ice. We were able
to proceed in our canoes, without much obstruction, in an open chan-
nel of water along the shore, though sometimes we were blocked and
had to portage past the ice, which in several places I measured and
found to be as much as seven feet in thickness.
The weather experienced in the vicinity of this lake was most
inhospitable. Five days were spent in traversing the one hundred
miles of shore line from inlet to outlet; but seven days were unwill-
ingly spent upon the rocky ice bound shore, where we were forced
to await the abatement of two terrific storms accompanied by rain
and snow. The lack of sufficient shelter contributed greatly to our
discomfort throughout our entire Barren Land work; for unfortun-
ately our tents, though admirably adapted for woodland districts,
were here of comparatively little use, the rains being continually
driven through them by the terrible force of the gales.
i WVhen the outlet of Tobaunt Lake was discovered, it was not
! found to be obstructed by ice as it was feared it might be, but as '
!: before the clear, cold waters of the great river rushed on to the
A few miles down from the lake we first met with the Eskimos,
of whom our men had been told such blood-curdling stories by
the Chippeweyans. Had our men been disposed to believe the
reports, they must have been pleasantly disappointed by the cordial,
;it demonstrative receptions which from time to time we received at
id (In a paper of this kind, it is necessary to be brief; otherwise I
l might be able to speak of many incidents, or characteristics of the
·i country which would be of interest; but to give anything like a full
account of our journey would trespass entirely too much upon your
patience and the pages of our Report ) I-
About the time we entered the Eskimo country, we also came
across the first signs of Musk Oxen; but from this time forward the
appearances of game of any description began to be rare, and with .
the month of August we parted company entirely with the deer.
Towards the end of August, judging from our geographical posi-
tion and our north-westerly course, the indications were that our
destination was to be the Great Fish River instead of Hudson Bay
as we had hoped; but after following a very winding course, on the