by the foot of the fawn, with eyes and ears alert I glided silently on.
Again and again the noise was heard, and each time nearer than the
last; so my advance was continued cautiously until soon in a
thicket of scrub, only a few yards ahead, the disturbing of some
branches was noticed. Still no deer could be seen; but in creeping
up closer, at the distance of only a few yards, I suddenly came
within full view of an immense black bear. Although taken by sur-
prise at the proportions of my supposed calf, I levelled for the
back of bruin's head, and fired. Several delirious tumbles, followed
by a bolt into the gloom of the swamp, completed the entertainment
so far as I was concerned. It was too dark to follow the wounded
animal; so I groped my way back to camp, and related my adven-
ture with the "' cariboo calf."
On the I8th of luly the height of land was reached, and over
this a portage of a mile and a quarter took us to a large body of
water, which we have named Daly Lake, the level of which stood
at an elevation of fifty feet below that of the one we had crossed just
south of the divide The height of land. from our barometric read-
ings, was found to be about thirteen hundred feet above the sea; and
upon this summit, to the top of a tall spruce tree, before we de-
parted, I took occasion to nail the ' flag that has braved a thousand
*#~ ~ years the battle and the breeze"
Daly Lake was found to be sixty miles in length, and from its
north shore, after a good deal of searching in many deep bays,
the outlet - our informant'ss" Great River flowing to the north "-
It was indeed a great, broad, and rapid river, broken up into
several channels, not deep, but as it were the waters of the lake
spilling over the edge in the lowest places.
This was the river we had determined to descend; so with noth-
ing more than conjectures as to where it would bear us, we pushed
.* our canoes into the stream, and sped away to the northward.
Landings were made when necessary, in order to carry on the
survey and examination of the country; but otherwise our canoes
were kept in the current and our men at the paddles.
Though outlying groves of spruce and tamarack might still be
found here and there in the most favored localities, we were now
well into the barren lands; and the change from the wooded district
was found to be anything but desirable.
An alcohol lamp for the purpose of making a hot cup of tea is
an excellent thing; but, to a party wet and cold by rain or spray
from the rapids, it is a miserable substitute for a roaring camp-
The weather became very wet and cold, and storms, which
swept the open country with frightful fury, began to be of very fre-
quent occurrence; so that now our camp outfit was seldom if ever
dry, and the progress of our survey was much interrupted.
On the 29th of July, as we were traversing the shores of Carey
Lake, we were permitted to witness a sight which, as long as I
live, I shall never forget. The land, as far as we could see, was
. ~ ~~~~~~~~~~ _-