weight of outfit should be kept down as much as possible. Another
feature in connection with our survey was that much of our route
would lie within the Barren Lands, where no fuel could be obtained
for cooking purposes. Endeavoring to provide for these special feat-
ures, without going too much into detail, the following was our list of
supplies:-Three cotton " A " tents with tarpaulin floor cloths, one
"reflector" or Dutch oven, two thin steel frying pans with folding
handles, one nest of kettles, the usual culinary camp outfit of dishes, ;
all made of tin on account of their lightness, three Hudson Bay Co.
axes and files to sharpen them, two small gill nets, an assortment of
fishing tackle, three tracking lines, eight pack straps, three canoe
covers, one dozen large waterproof sacks, five gallons of methylated
alcohol, two so-called alcohol stoves, two boxes of candles, matches,
one dozen bottles of Jamaica ginger, one dozen bottles of pain killer,
and three caddies of tobacco, for use chiefly in securing the goodwill
Besides the above, the following provisions were ordered:-
Flour, rice, oatmeal, biscuits, bacon, canned meats, sugar, evaporated
fruits, baking powder, tea, chocolate, butter, salt, pepper, and mus-
With the expectation of securing game on our journey, the
quantities of flour and other vegetable foods were made large in pro-
portion to amount of bacon and canned meats
The orders for these goods, excepting such articles as could not
be obtained in the west, were sent on to the Hudson Bay Company's
store at Edmonton, where by arrangement, our party-with the ex-
ception of the two Fort McMurray half-breeds-assembled on the
22nd of May.
From Edmonton, the north-western terminus of the Canadian
Pacific Railway, for a distance of one hundred miles northerly to
Athabasca Landing. our outfit was transported by waggons.
Here the bulk of our "stuff" was shipped by the Hudson Bay
Company's steamer to Fort Chippewayan on Lake Athabasca, and
on the last day of May, with our light and beautiful little crafts, we
commenced our canoe journey.
The survey, however, was not begun here; and as the Athabasca
River, from the landing down to the lake, has been so well described
already by our friend Wm. Ogilvie, D L.S, in his most interesting
articles, I will not now attempt to re-describe it.
It will be sufficient to say that after passing down the Grand
Rapids in safety and reaching Fort McMurray, we were joined by
our third canoe and two additional men. Continuing, we arrived at
Fort Chippeweyan, about 350 miles below the Landing, on the even-
ing of the I7th of June.
Two days later the Hudson'Bay Company's steamer "Grahamme"
arrived with our supplies, and now preparations were made for
the commencement of our survey.
Henceforth our route was to deviate from the beaten track of
traders and former explorers.