THROUGH THE BARREN LANDS: .
AN EXPLORATION LINE OF 3,200 MILES.
BY J. W TYRRELL,
C.E., D.L.S, Hamilton.
(2,200 MILES BY CANOE.)
DURING the early spring of I893, the Director of the Geological
Survey of Canada having issued instructions to my brother, J. Burr
Tyrrell, Field Geologist of that department, to conduct an exploratory
survey into the great Barren Land district lying to the west of the
northern portion of Hudson Bay, preparations were at once com-
menced for the undertaking.
For the purpose of taking charge of the topographical work and
acting as Eskimo interpreter, the services of the writer were en-
Two I8-feet varnished cedar canoes were ordered from the
Peterboro' Canoe Co., to be shipped to Edmonton.
Four expert canoemen were employed to handle them, and
arrangements were made to have a third 1g-feet basswood canoe-
used during the previous summer-and two men, in waiting at Fort
McMurray on the Athabasca River.
Attention was then turned to the procuring of a suitable set of
instruments, and.after some difficulty we succeeded in obtaining
what, I consider, approaches very nearly an ideal outfit for explora-
tory work. The following is the complete list :--One large sextant
with folding mercurial horizon, one Gurley pocket solar compass with
extension leg tripod, two prismatic compasses, one fluid or boat's
compass, two pocket compasses, two boat logs, one pedometer, two
clinometers, one dipping needle, one pocket chronometer, three Amer-
ican watches, one aneroid barometer, a set of thermometers, a pair
of field glasses, an aluminium binocular telescope, and a 4" x 5" hand
Besides the above we provided ourselves with two repeating
rifles, one Winchester repeating shot guns and a good supply of an-
All instruments and arms were well packed for carrying in
leather sling cases.
The next matter of importance was the preparation of bills of i
supplies and provisions. As much portage work was to be expected
on our trip, and as all available carrying capacity would be required
for "grub," it appeared to be very necessary that the bulk and
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