Ethingo's map of Wolverene River
1 map : ms., on linen ; 121 x 44 cm.
[3 August 1892]
Shows a route to the barren lands beginning at Black Lake; portaging past the Wolverene [Chipman] River to Wolverene [Chipman] Lake, Birch [Bompas] Lake, Big [Selwyn] Lake and Active Man [Wholdaia] Lake and continuing north on 'large river flowing north to the sea'.
"Title from map, supplied by J.B. Tyrrell."
"Map dated from reference in Tyrrell's 1892 field notebook, entry for August 4th."
Ethingo or Ithingo Campbell was a Chipewyan engaged by Tyrrell at Isle a la Crosse as canoeist and guide on the 1892 expedition.
"Outline map in in black and red pen on linen, drawn by J.B. Tyrrell, transferring the information from the original version of the map, sketched in pencil on paper; place names supplied by Tyrrell. Includes portage routes and rapids, some topographic detail such as mountains."
"The route described by Ithingo was the one which Tyrrell decided was the most promising route to the barren lands, and the one which he followed in the 1893 expedition. Includes extensive notes by Tyrrell: Ethingo's map of Wolverene River and the canoe route northwards from Black Lake to the Barren Grounds by Big Lake and Active Man Lake. The latter empties into a great river which flows northward into the sea. Big Lake is as long as Black Lake from Wolverene to Cree Rivers, Active Man Lake is not so long. It will take six days to go from Black Lake to the portage in Active Man Lake, and 1 day from there to the rapid at the outlet of the lake, and 1 day down the river to the end of the map. The whole course from Black Lake is true north. The river flows to a great lake called To-bont-na lying far out in the Barren grounds, with no wood at all on its shores. It has no islands and is of great extent. It would take 6 weeks to go and come. Gabriel states that on the same great river there is a still larger lake further north called Ta-kiata-tua or Snow Lake, which is never entirely free from ice, tho a person can travel between the ice and the shore."
Forms part of the 'Geological Survey maps' sub-series.
"Ms Coll 26, map 1892.015, Tyrrell mapcase"
Tyrrell, Joseph Burr, 1858-1957
Black Lake (Sask.)
Chipman Lake (Sask.)
Bompas Lake (Sask.)
Selwyn Lake (Sask. and N.W.T.)
Wholdaia Lake (N.W.T.)