"carries" averaged seven hundred paces
each in length, so it will be seen the total
distance they had to pack their canoe and
baggage was by no means small.
White Partridge Lake is about thirty five
miles across and from it runs the river of
that name. At the head of the river their
Indian guides stopped saying that they
were afraid of the Esquimaux who inhabit
that district. "As a matter of fact," said
Mr. Tyrrell, "I have never succeeded in discover
ing that they had ever come into collision,
but each tribe expresses some great fear of the
other." The party reached the head of
White Partridge river about the first of
NORTH WITHOUT GUIDES
Nothing could induce the Indians to go
any farther, so the party of six went on
alone, passing through Cove Lake, which is
about fifty miles wide, and continuing on
down White Partridge River, which runs
right through the lake.
There is a tribe of inland Esquimaux, who
live on the shores of this great river,
which is about 500 miles long. They never
go out to the coast of Hudson Bay, but live
altogether on the deer which they spear.
Once in a while one of them strays down to
Grocery Post and gets a few supplies from
civilization, but they live in a very barbaric
way. Needles are greatly prized by them,
and Mr. Tyrrell had with him some
twenty five packages with which he paid
his way, so to speak. It was very
hard to make the Equimaux under-
stand what they were travelling for.
The natives were always trying to trade
furs with them. They only white people they
had ever seen were traders and they could
not comprehend on what other mission than
the purchase of furs the party could possi-
bly take the trouble to come such a long
distance into their barren country.
FIRST MEETING WITH ESQUIMAUX.
After they had been about two days on
the White Partridge river the party noticed
a number of dead deer lying on the banks.
Investigation showed that the animals had
been killed by the Esquimauz. Farther on
there were more carcasses scattered along
the shore and finally they came suddenly
upon two Esquimaux girls who were skin-
ning a deer.
The women were very much frightened,
never having seen white men before. How-
ever a present of a plug of tobacco to each
of them immediately restored harmony, and
the girls produced a knife and pipe and pro-
ceeded to have a smoke. They understood
no English and none of the party could
speak Esquimaux, but they gave the ex-
plorers to understand that their camp lay
farther down the river. Mr .Tyrrell ascend-
ed a hill and from there he could see the
settlement. He wanted to make friends
with them and persuaded the girls to get
one into each canoe and accompany the
party down the river, thinking thus to ap-
proach them without difficulty.
The girls sang and clapped their hands
until they saw their people running away in
terror. Then they began to call out, but the
natives probably thinking the two women
were prisoners only ran harder than ever.
Then one of the girls started to cry, but
was very soon appeased with a gift.
OF A LUMP OF SUGAR
and immediately started to laugh. In the
end Mr .Tyrrell succeeded in making firm
friends of the party, and his fame preceded
him from one tribe to another so much that
he says he found it very difficult to escape
from accepting a few day's hospitality at the
hands of the chiefs of the many parties they
passed and they averaged about two camps
Many travellers have given those dwellers
of the Arctic zone a bad name for petty
thieving, but the only article that Mr.
Tyrrell's party missed was an axe. They
found the natives a jolly, pleasant sort of
people and very easy to keep on good terms
Mr. Tyrrell tells a very amusing story to
show that they Esquimaux is not so very
different from his civilized brother, and that
in some ways the actions of the married
native to a great extent are much like those
of the white benedict.
He tried to persuade an Esquimaux to
accompany the party and introduce them, so
to speak, to the tribes with whom they
came in contact. The aboriginal gentle-
man was very dubious about going, and his
hesitancy, Mr .Tyrrell found was due to the
influence of his mother and wife. These