Speaking of the geological features of the country, M. Tyrrell stated that the north shore of Lake Arthabasca, and the country to a couple of hunderd miles north of it, was very rocky, but beyond that the "barren grounds" for the greater part, were covered with short grass and during the months of August and September were very wet. They came across one large lake with seven and half feet of ice on it in the beginning of August.
VAST HERDS OF DEER.
Very few birds of any kind were seen, but vast herds of reindeer occasionally crossed our path, and while the party was away from the salt water of Hudson's sea these furnished an abundant suplly of food. The deer were of a grayish colour, with slender horns, much lower in build and more shaggy in appearance than the deer in this part of the country. They were so little grightened at us that we could walk into a herd of them and almost pat them on the back.
When we reached Hudson's Bay we were not so fortunate in procuring deer, for though the deer had been abundant on the shore during hte summer months, keeping close to the water to avoid the mosquitoes, they had retired from the coast before we reached it. Our only food then consisted of a few ducks which we shot out in the open water. These formed a very scanty supply and all the aprty were very weak and much reduced on their arrival at Churchill.
INCIDENTS OF THE TRIP
one of the Iroquois Indians had his feet frozen while in a canoe. He was left behind at York and is now being brought home by the Hudson's Bay Company.
the tidal phenomena in Hudson's Bay said Mr. Tyrrell, are most remarkable. The tide rises from twelve to eighteen feet, and the shore is so flat that very often the water recedes so far from the shore as to be almost out of sight at low tide. Then, again, when in our canoes and the tide rises, we are almost unable to see the shore.
During our trip the total survey line was 1400 miles of rivers, lake and sea shore, 850 of which was through an entirely unknown country. We took a large nubmer of photographs of the country, and my brother, who had been with Lt. Gordon on a previous occasion, made an excellent colletion of plants. A large collection of rock specimens and Exquimaux curiousties was also made, but being unable to bring them in with the dog teams, they had to be left behind, and it will be another year before they reach Ottawa.