IN THE SALT WATER
of Hudson Bay. We entered the bay at about 400 miles porth of Churchill, at about latitude 64, at the deep narrow bay, long known as Chestervill Inlet. From the mouth of the inlet we had a harrowing journey in our littel canoes down the shores of Hudson's Bay, of which is in reality a great open sea. Our trip to Churchill occupied us six weeks, which will ever be remembered by teh party as the longerst six weeks in our lives. During that time we had to contend against scarcity of food, cold rain and heavy snow storms. We brought our canoes to within about thirty miles of Churchill on October 16th, and were there frozen in, being unable to proceed any further by water. Our supplies had long since given out and a couple of the party were sent into Churchill for relief. The suffering through want and anxiety for the safe return of the men was indeed
A TERRIBLE EXPERIENCE.
An idea of the exposure we were subjected to can be obtained fromt the fact that from the middle of July to the middle of October we had no fires except an occasional smudge made with moss and hardly sufficient to boil a cup of tea. After the snow fell in October we were seldom able to make a fire at all. There is no bus or trees at all near the shore and a current floatin southwards and going out at Roe's Welcome, leaves no chance of any drift wood striking the shore.
After three days wait the men returned with dog teams and sufficient provisions to take us into Churchill. At this trading post we were kindly entertained by Rev. Joseph Lofthouse and his wife, an estimable lady. Mr. Lofthouse is a missionary sent out by the church missionary society to minister to the Esquimaux on the west shore of Hudson's sea. He labours there under very great disadvantages, his supplies being brought in to him but once a year by the Hudson Bay ships, and then only in limited quantities. His church is a corrugated iron structure, having been framed in England, and he had to erect it and put it together hiself. he and his wife teach a day school and had an average attendance of eighteen pupils when we were there. There are about fifty inhabitants at Churchill, and all can now read and write, things which none of them could do before M. Lofthouse went there seven years ago.
We stayed nineteen days at Churchill waiting for the Churchill river to freeze over, and as soon as it was frozen, we started on showshoes southward to York Factory. We had a pleasant trip as far as the Nelson river, but when we reached its banks we found it running full of ice, and although there was a strong boat lying close at hand, we had to wait ten days before getting an opportunity to cross, and then nearly a whole day was taken up in shoving the boat through the ice. We had only brought eight days' provisions with us from Churchill, and during our stay on the banks of the Nelson, we subsisted on a small amount of dried fish, and a few partridges and rabbits whish we were able to shoot. At length we reached york Factory, and here the difficulties of our trip were over. We had still
A LONG TRAMP BEFORE US,
but plenty of privisions could be obtained. After a sojourn of aobut three days at the post, we started southward for Oxford House, 250 miles distant. Our course was now entirely through the woods; the snow was very deep and although the track was unbroken, we made very good progress.
Obtaining fresh dogs at Oxford, we started for Norway House, reaching there on December 20th. We then took cariolles and pushed on to Selkirk, about 350 miles to the south. This distance was covered in nine days, the men running behind the cariolles. Reaching Selkirk, we telegraphed our safe arrival there to Ottawa."